2014 Can-Am Spyder Review

An all-new-three-cylinder engine from BRP!

Share this Article

Back in 2008, Can-Am shook up the motorcycling world by introducing its intriguing, not-a-trike, not-a-bike Spyder RS line of V-Twin-powered, three-wheeled sport riding vehicles. Solid initial sales of the RS encouraged the Bombardier-owned Canadian company to produce an encore, and in 2009 the Spyder RT luxury liner was introduced. It was an instant hit among touring riders who were advancing in age but didn’t want to give up the freedom of the open road.

COMPARE: 2013 Can-Am Spyder ST-S Roadster Review

Then, in 2013, Can-Am debuted its Spyder ST sport-touring models along with a redesigned chassis for the entire Spyder platform. With such an aggressive product development strategy in just six short years, it would seem that Can-Am could stand pat on what was now an impressive Spyder lineup. It seemed like the Canadians had left no stone unturned and there was nothing more left to do.

2014-can-am-SpyderRT_B

Can-Am’s new ACE engine delivers a serious kick in the midrange along with a soul-stirring three-cylinder growl.

Wrong. That’s the kind of thinking that contradicts the strategy behind the Spyder in the first place, which is to be something radical and different.

FLASHBACK: 2008 Can-Am Spyder Review

So, for 2014, Can-Am has gone in a radically different direction with its Spyder RT touring rig by bidding adieu to the 60-degree V-Twin and replacing it with an all-new, Rotax 1330 ACE (Advanced Combustion Efficiency) inline Triple. The new engine is designed to deliver 40% more torque in its lower range than the old V-Twin, with the added benefits of smoother performance and better fuel economy.

Can-Am’s flagship Spyder RT touring line of three-wheeled recreational vehicles returns in 2014 with the surprising new Rotax-designed ACE 1330cc inline-Triple engine. Designed to produce 40% more torque than the V-Twin it replaces, the ACE engine delivers a serious kick in the mid-range and upper rpm along with a soul-stirring three-cylinder growl from its single muffler.

The liquid-cooled, fuel-injected DOHC engine represents a clean-sheet approach to engineering by Rotax, and it features an all-new six-speed overdrive transmission and a new hydraulic clutch to replace the five-speed and centrifugal clutch of the previous version.

Along with the new engine is an all-new six-speed overdrive transmission and a new hydraulic clutch that replaces the centrifugal unit used to transfer power to the Spyder’s single rear wheel. The RT is the first of the Spyder family to receive the new engine, but you can expect it to make its way to its RS and ST stablemates soon, as Can-Am officials have told us that they expect the ACE to be a key component in the Spyder’s DNA in the future. There’s no reason to doubt that, considering the redesign of the Spyder chassis in 2013 was done across all of the platforms in anticipation of a switch to three-cylinder power.

Accomplishing the goal of increased performance and better fuel efficiency meant taking a clean-sheet approach to the ACE Triple’s engine design. And while Can-Am’s sister company, Ski-Doo, has considerable experience with Triples in its snowmobiles, the Spyder’s liquid-cooled, fuel-injected four-stroke three-cylinder is specific to the Spyder RT.

First and foremost, it boasts a lot more displacement. At a whopping 1330cc, it’s much larger than the 998cc liquid-cooled 60-degree V-Twin that parent company BRP’s engine manufacturing arm, Rotax, originally designed for Aprilia’s sportbikes and then revamped to fit the Spyder application. It’s also designed to be more efficient, as Can-Am engineers have worked feverishly to optimize the valve angles of its four valves per cylinder and reduce internal friction wherever possible in order to decrease parasitic drag, which robs power. The new engine also features a 1200-Watt alternator, guaranteeing plenty of electrical juice for touring accessories such as heated gear, navigation and additional lighting.

While Spyders steer differently than two-wheeled motorcycles (counter-steering does not apply), the RT still offers a quick-turning feel despite the tremendous stability afforded by its unique two-in-front, one-in-back wheel placement.

While Spyders steer differently than two-wheeled motorcycles (counter-steering does not apply), the RT still offers a quick-turning feel despite the tremendous stability afforded by its unique two-in-front, one-in-back wheel placement.

The end result is an engine that Can-Am claims will produce 115 hp at 7250 rpm with 96 ft.-lb. of peak torque at 5000 rpm. Based on the numbers, the ACE should outperform the V-Twin, which put out a claimed 100 hp at 7500 rpm and 80 ft.-lb. at 5000 rpm.

The ACE’s new power curve dictated a new transmission as well, and the old five-speed has been replaced with a new six-speed transmission (plus reverse) with tighter overall ratios in first through fifth gear but with a taller overdrive sixth gear that reduces the cruising rpm from 4700 to 3300. Just as before, customers have the option of choosing the manual clutch SM6 six-speed with a standard foot-shift transmission or Can-Am’s high-tech SE6 semi-automatic, six-speed electronic transmission, with which all shifts are accomplished simply by toggling the paddles on the left handlebar with the left thumb and forefinger.

2014-cam-am-spyder-roadster-RT_LTD_SE6 Transmission_14

Buyers still have their choice of an SM6 with a manual clutch and shifting or the SE6, which shifts electronically via paddles on the left handlebar.

In either case, the power is fed through an all-new clutch that does away with the centrifugal-weighted design of previous Spyders. The new clutch features a Hydraulic Control Module (HCM) that activates a piston to engage the clutch. Final drive is still via a carbon-reinforced belt.

In addition to relaxing the Spyder’s cruising rpm, Can-Am engineers focused on improving the ACE’s fuel efficiency by incorporating a new ECO mode into its engine management system. Unlike some systems on the market that merely turn on a light to alert the rider when the ECU detects that the engine is being operated in the most efficient manner, the Can-Am ECO mode does more by optimizing spark and fuel delivery for greatest fuel efficiency as well as offering “shift coaching” at precise shift points via the digital display on the RT’s dash.

Check our gallery for more photos of the 2014 Can-Am Spyder Lineup

And there are other ways to improve efficiency and economy in any given engine that aren’t necessarily related strictly to fuel mileage, such as reduced maintenance costs. Can-Am has made strides with the ACE here, too. In addition to working with its suppliers to reduce component pricing, the company has also worked to improve the service intervals on the ACE.

The result is an increase in the oil change intervals from 4600 miles to 9300 miles and stretching of the transmission filter replacement to 28,000 miles. Engine coolant/spark plug replacement intervals have jumped to 28,000 miles from 4600 miles and 14,000 miles respectively. The need for valve adjustments has also been eliminated on the ACE engine.

While Can-Am completed a major redesign of the Spyder’s rectangular backbone steel chassis in 2013, it made more changes for 2014. For starters, the entire 2014 line will be fitted with new suspension components.

All Spyders will have upgraded suspension components for 2014. The RT and ST models receive new Sachs components with larger pistons and stiffer springs, while the sportier RS and RS-S models will use Fox Shox.

All Spyders will have upgraded suspension components for 2014. The RT and ST models receive new Sachs components with larger pistons and stiffer springs, while the sportier RS and RS-S models will use Fox Shox.

The RT and ST models retain the German-made Sachs components of previous years, but they feature larger-diameter pistons and stiffer spring rates, front and rear. But even bigger news is that Can-Am has tapped aftermarket suspension specialists Fox Shox to be the OEM suspension supplier for the Spyder RS and RS-S models. The Fox suspension will also allow for front spring preload adjustment, a feature not previously available on Spyders.

The RT-S and RT Limited models still feature a five-way adjustable air preload for the rear suspension. The other big change involved relocating the Spyder’s radiators from just in front of the rider footpegs to just ahead of the front suspension arms to reduce the amount of heat to the rider’s legs and feet on warm days.

Can-Am made a couple more revisions to the Spyder’ steel chassis, which was significantly updated during the 2013 model year. The most obvious is the repositioning of the radiators, which have been moved from just ahead of the rider footpegs to ahead of the suspension A-arms, reducing cockpit heat significantly.

Can-Am made a couple more revisions to the Spyder’ steel chassis, which was significantly updated during the 2013 model year. The most obvious is the repositioning of the radiators, which have been moved from just ahead of the rider footpegs to ahead of the suspension A-arms, reducing cockpit heat significantly.

In order to show off the new Spyder RT to the worldwide press, Can-Am invited us to Orlando, Florida, for a two-night stay at the Walt Disney Dolphin Resort, which was to be the site of its 2014 dealer show. The stay included a day of riding pre-production RTs in the outlying area around the resort. Our test loop only covered about 100 miles, but Can-Am at least did us a favor by bringing along a few 2013 RTs for comparison’s sake. We appreciate that and wish more manufacturers would be willing to bring along the previous year’s models for a quick refresher to highlight the differences.

Getting right to the point, the ACE engine clearly outshines the venerable Rotax V-Twin on the RT platform. The first thing you notice when firing up the engine is that blipping its ride-by-wire throttle produces an aurally pleasing growl for which Triples are famous.

Can-Am has revised the cosmetics of the new Spyder RT, giving it a slightly flatter and narrow look.

Can-Am has revised the cosmetics of the new Spyder RT, giving it a slightly flatter and narrow look.

Out on the road, the ACE‘s performance matches that growl with a meaty mid-range thrust and strong top-end performance that makes the touring platform much more exciting to ride. The older V-Twin may have a slight edge in grunt right off idle, but once the engines start building a few revs, the ACE’s more authoritative pull clarifies its superiority. It is interesting to note that the ACE tags the rev limiter at around 9000 rpm, about 1000 rpm sooner than the V-Twin; insert your favorite variation of the “no replacement for displacement” slogan here.

Clutch action on the SE6-equipped RT Limited models that we rode was smooth enough—just roll the throttle and hit the button. However, we found ourselves wishing for slightly less lag time between upshifts when engaging the electronic shifter button. Granted, the Spyder isn’t a Formula One racecar, but quicker shifting would be welcome. On the other hand, treat the shifter like a manual clutch, with a slight chop of the throttle between presses of the shifter button, and the sensation is identical to that of a manual-clutch machine.

We also spent time in Eco mode, and while it may improve fuel economy, it does so at the expense of muted throttle response from that howlin’ and growlin’ Triple. Can-Am claims that the system allows the bigger ACE engine to a range of 252 miles between refills of its 6.9-gal fuel capacity. That calculates to roughly 36.5 mpg, not terrible for a high-performance vehicle of the Spyder RT’s size and roughly 1100-pound wet weight.

Spyders can be ridden in a spirited fashion, but push the envelope too far and Can-Am’s Vehicle Stabilization System activates, cutting power to help keep all three wheels firmly planted on the road.

Spyders can be ridden in a spirited fashion, but push the envelope too far and Can-Am’s Vehicle Stabilization System activates, cutting power to help keep all three wheels firmly planted on the road.

The 2014 RT also has an edge in handling over the 2013 model, as the combination of slightly larger and stiffer front shocks along with the more compact Triple’s lower center of gravity exhibit less chassis roll. Even so, cornering too hard will activate the Spyder’s Vehicle Stabilization system, cutting engine power to help ensure that both front wheels stay on the ground if a tight corner is taken too quickly. The VSS also integrates the RT’s traction control and anti-lock braking systems as needed to help maintain vehicle stability.

Despite having slightly stiffer spring rates, the Sachs suspension we tested delivered an excellent ride. Adjusting the five-position air-preload system in the rear to the lightest setting kept the chassis perfectly balanced on the roads we tested. We did notice that switching to the stiffest setting tended to raise the rear ride height enough to quicken the RT’s steering without sacrificing straight-line stability, which some riders might actually enjoy. However it is loaded, whether solo or fully encumbered with a rider and a passenger, we expect that the RT’s rear suspension has a setting that will offer good bump control without being too soft.

Ergonomically speaking, the Spyder RT reminds of us a Honda Gold Wing, which isn’t a knock against Can-Am, as the Wing has been a standard-bearer in touring comfort for decades and many RT customers migrate from Gold Wings. For 2014, Can-Am has further upgraded the RT’s cockpit by adding a slot in the seat that allows easy installation and removal of a Spyder RT accessory rider backrest.

The RT’s seat now readily accepts an accessory Can-Am backrest, a bonus for riders seeking more back support on marathon rides.

The RT’s seat now readily accepts an accessory Can-Am backrest, a bonus for riders seeking more back support on marathon rides.

Beyond that, all the popular touring amenities are already in place on the RT: electronically adjustable windshield, stereo with iPod connectivity, an easy-to-use cruise control, a full complement of trip computer options and a class-leading 41 gallons of storage capacity.

There are a couple noteworthy cosmetic changes to the 2014 Spyder RTs, as well, including a lower, sleeker nose and classier-looking 12-spoke wheels. The 2014 RTs also receive new colors, including Timeless Black and Pearl White for the standard RT and RT-S, the latter also adding the options of Circuit Yellow Metallic and Cognac.

The Spyder RT Limited offers Black Currant and Pearl White options that are specific to its trim level, as well as Silver Platinum Satin with the choice of a Burgundy or Black seat, and Cognac with the choice of a Dark Chocolate or Black seat. Pricing for the Spyder RT begins at $22,999 for the standard model and $26,449 for the RT-S with the SM6 manual transmission. Add another $1600 for the SE6 transmission option. The Spyder RT Limited is available only with the SE6 transmission and is priced at $30,499.

2014-cam-am-spyder-roadster-RS-S_3-4 WhtBlk_14

The Spyder RS is available in Steel Black Metallic or Pearl White for $14,899 (SM6) or $16,399 (SE6). The Spyder RS-S adds two-tone paint with Steel Black Metallic against either White Satin, Can-Am Red or Sunburst Yellow for $18,099 or $19,599 depending on the transmission option.

The Spyder ST offers the black and white base colors, while the ST-S offers the additional choices of Circuit Yellow Metallic or Cognac. The Spyder ST Limited is available in Black Currant, Silver Platinum Satin or Cognac. Prices start at $20,349 for the ST-S (the standard ST is actually $150 more) and move upward to $24,489 for the Spyder ST Limited.

The Can-Am Spyder line started out as a two-model niche product, but in six short years it has grown into multiple models with an ever-increasing degree of refinement. What was once a curious oddity in the motorcycling world (although Can-Am still refuses to call the Spyder a motorcycle) has steadily continued to gain acceptance.

Like the Sinatra song goes, Can-Am is doing it their way. With constantly improved and refined products like the Spyder RT, that wacky vision is starting to pay off.

Free Insurance Quote

Enter your ZIP code below to get a free insurance quote.

BRP Dealer Price Quote

Get price quotes for BRP from local motorcycle dealers.
Get Motorcycle.com in your Inbox
  • Craig Hoffman

    The Spyder needed a bigger engine specifically and clean sheet designed for it’s mission and it has that now. Why anyone would shell out similar (or more) money for a one in front two in back trike is beyond me. If one is in the market for a trike, they really should give these a long hard look.

  • Kevin

    Kudos to Scott for giving this a very fair and informative review. I’m not ready for shifting to 3 wheels yet, but the knees are showing real signs of deterioration and it is nice to know that CanAm is evolving the Spyder. Once again MO comes forward with the best evaluation with out tempering comments to pacify the mainstream.

    • Butch Raven

      Save your money, CanAm has too many bugs to work out.

  • Jed Wheeler

    I put 10k miles on a ’12 RS but sold it after it almost rolled over on me in a tight corner. The spyders have a lot going for them, but I wouldn’t even consider getting back on one unless and until they introduce one that leans.

    • Babs

      I have never ridden an RS, but my RT doesn’t even begin to feel like it will roll. How fast were you going?

      • Jed Wheeler

        About 25 mph, accelerating from a dead stop around a corner in traffic. Having the wife on the back shifted the weight distribution from what I was used to, but even so there’s no reason that inside wheel should have left the ground.

    • Butch Raven

      didn’t notice if the Fox Shocks were stuck? That is just the same thing that happened to me.

  • Jonathan

    My math says that increasing torque from 80 to 96 is only a 20% increase, not 40%.

    • Scott Rousseau

      Jonathan, Can-Am quoted that 40% torque increase at the Spyder RT intro in Florida, but it refers only to “low-end” torque and not peak torque. I should have clarified that in the report. My apologies for the confusion. –Scott Rousseau

    • Kevin Duke

      Good catch, Jonathan! The 40% figure refers to its output in the lower-rpm range. We’re revising the text to clarify.

  • Babs

    This all sounds like great news to me. As a owner of a 2012 Spyder RT LTD, most of the changes were things I had only dreamed about. The change of the radiator is a top one, necessary. I wish they could go back and fix mine. You wouldn’t understand unless you felt like your leg was on fire while riding down a back road. The 6th gear, fantastic. Better gas mileage, YES! We only need cards to hand out with all the questions we get from people and then we would have it made!

    • Richard Joash Tan

      just try white. it already has a black seat

    • Butch Raven

      They have a sun burst orange with black seat. There are way way too many bugs to work out. 2015 have front wheel alignment. A test drive at a Canadian Tire Store in Ontario Canada. A lady went over a speed bump in second gear. The dealer said it was because she was fat.

  • john sexton

    I am 80 years old and want to tour too Nevada, Which 2014 would be my best bike.

    • Butch Raven

      Riding on the back on the RSS sucks, You have to replace the seat with the after market for $500.00 US Dollars or $699.99 plus HST Canadian.

  • Butch Raven

    I bought the wife a 2008 ca-am spyder ,My biggest complaints are that the windscreen is so small that the rider acts as a human umbrella. I bought her a larger windscreen. it would occasionally shut down completely while idling at red lights. Dealers charged her for things under warranty. The same problem keep happening. Burning too rich and plugs going. BRP said they would warranty it till it was fixed. I trailer the bike over and over to Canada and USA. I spent over six thousand dollars in gas and the bike did the same. She traded it in last year for a RSS. 2012. She was happy happy happy until one of the Fox Racing Shocks went. She called the dealer where she bought it less than a year ago. They called her on her cell phone and told her the Warranty had run out? She called me up set. I called BRP and they said no, she has warranty till 2015 plus the extra warranty till 2016. I had to trailer the bike to a dealer allot further away for warranty.$200.00 in gas, and the bike has less than 7000 km. I hope we didn’t get another lemon.

  • E-Nonymouse A

    I have no intention of ever having a passenger on one of these so my primary concerns are cargo, driver comforts (backrest) etc. I am pretty new to bikes so I don’t understand why there is no seat design like that for somebody like myself who has those concerns.
    Found this site while doing research for all forms of a new vehicle, looks good so far.

  • Rod

    I have 2013 ST Ltd front end dives and want to upgrade the front shocks to something providing flatter cornering. I have upgraded the sway bar. I’m thinking something from the 2014 line up. Either RS Sachs or Fox adjustable. Any ideas?