2016 Aprilia RSV4

Editor Score: 90.25%
Engine 19.5/20
Suspension/Handling 14.0/15
Transmission/Clutch 9.5/10
Brakes 9.0/10
Instruments/Controls4.25/5
Ergonomics/Comfort 8.5/10
Appearance/Quality 9.0/10
Desirability 9.0/10
Value 7.5/10
Overall Score90.25/100

I was on a GSX-R600 the last time I was at Misano, and the world-renowned Italian racetrack seemed quite lengthy, with several long straights to stretch throttle cables for extended durations. Aboard Aprilia‘s new and more powerful RSV4, the Misano World Circuit Marco Simoncelli seemed like an overgrown go-kart track.

Aprilia’s superbike has been the closest a mass-production streetbike has replicated a MotoGP race machine since its introduction in 2009. Its V-4 engine replicates a GP bike’s, and its concentration on mass-centralization is something all riders can dynamically feel. It received near-universal acclaim from motojournalists, then went on to capture three World Superbike championships, including the 2014 WSBK title in the hands of Sylvain Guintoli.

But the RSV4 has become overshadowed by new, fresher and faster machines, primarily from European rivals like Ducati and BMW and, in the past couple of months, by Yamaha’s trick new R1.

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Tired of getting asphalt kicked in its streetbike face, the RSV4 comes ready for battle with a significant revamp for the 2015/2016 model year, not least of which is a 16-hp bump in peak output to a claimed 201 horsepower at its crankshaft.

The RSV4s arriving in North America in the next two months look outwardly similar to the previous generation. Tweaks to the nose section are the visually defined updates, using rounder, more aerodynamic panels and a windscreen taller by 30mm. Headlights are also new, with aan LED position light at center. New mirrors also incorporate LED turnsignals. The RSV4 in front is the RF version in its special “Superpole” graphics. The bike in the rear is the standard RR, and has everything the RF does except forged aluminum wheels and Öhlins suspension and steering damper, with its own Bucine Gray colorway. The RR retails for $15,649, while the RF lists for $21,999.

The RSV4s arriving in North America in the next two months look outwardly similar to the previous generation. Tweaks to the nose section are the visually defined updates, using rounder, more aerodynamic panels and a windscreen taller by 30mm. Headlights are also new, with an LED position light at center. New mirrors also incorporate LED turnsignals. The RSV4 in front is the RF version in its special “Superpole” graphics. The bike in the rear is the standard RR, and has everything the RF does except forged aluminum wheels and Öhlins suspension and steering damper, with its own Bucine Gray colorway. The RR retails for $16,449, while the RF lists for $21,999.

This new model looks quite similar to the previous generation, and there are indeed many carry-over items. Still, there are scores of new pieces, most of them not outwardly visible because they’re inside the engine. Nearly everything but its 65-degree V-4 architecture is new, all designed to improve efficiency via optimized fluid dynamics, combustion and weight reduction:

  • Airbox: WSB rules now mandate stock airbox specs, so Aprilia’s engineers spent considerable efforts examining computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for a straight and smooth intake pathway inside a marginally larger volume.

041715-2016-Aprilia_RSV4-engine-113

  • Variable-length intake snorkels (now on the base RR not just the Factory model) enjoy a greater breadth of lengths to deliver a broader swath of power. Longer funnels offer improved low-end and midrange performance, while the shift to its shorter funnels is intended to deliver a stronger pull up top.
  • Camshafts with revised profiles are now forged (instead of cast), saving a total of 600 grams over its four bumpsticks.
  • Intake valve diameters go up 1mm to 33mm.
  • Exhaust valves swap steel for titanium like the intake poppets.

041715-2016-Aprilia_RSV4-engine-112

  • Valve springs are new, with the intake springs now using oval-section wires. Valve tappets and caps are slightly lighter.
  • Cylinder heads are now CNC-machined for optimum flow and consistency via massaged geometries. Aprilia Product Development engineer Piero Soatti says this was a very important modification to the new engine.
  • The compression ratio now sits at a stratospheric 13.6:1.
  • Forged aluminum pistons are each 30 grams lighter.
  • Conrods scale in at 100 grams less per cylinder for a total of 400 grams (nearly 1 lb) less weight.
  • The crankshaft gets one pound of weight added to it, which makes it stronger and, perhaps, slightly more tractable to ride at low revs.
  • Crankcases retooled to incorporate new oil circuits and a larger oil tank mounted lower. The upper half of the crankcase is lighter by 2.9 lbs. Revised internal passages reduce pumping losses at high engine speeds.

041715-2016-Aprilia-rsv4-m105 V4 Engine

  • The combination of these lighter internals allow the rev ceiling to be lifted from 14,100 to 14,200 rpm
  • Primary drive and transmission gears are lightened, the latter with tweaked ratios better suited for the engine’s increased power.
  • Exhaust system is new with larger diameters and revamped valve management.
  • The ECU receives added processing power.
  • Horsepower jumps from 185 at 12,500 rpm to 201 at 13,000 rpm.
  • Torque dips slightly, going from 86.3 lb-ft at 10,000 rpm to 84.8 lb-ft 500 revs higher.

 

Aprilia’s four-cylinder engine is a marvel of packaging. Note how the two banks of throttle bodies are offset, allowing extra compactness from its 65-degree vee angle. It also produces what might be the sweetest exhaust note in the history of streetbikes.

Aprilia’s four-cylinder engine is a marvel of packaging. Note how the two banks of throttle bodies are offset, allowing extra compactness from its 65-degree vee angle. It also produces what might be the sweetest exhaust note in the history of streetbikes.

Whew, that’s a whack of engine mods. Changes to the rest of the bike are much less comprehensive.

Chassis-wise, the RSV4’s twin-beam aluminum frame remains the same, but the engine is now set to the bottom position in the frame’s adjustable mounts (5mm lower) to lower the bike’s center of gravity. The previous R models did not have the Factory model’s adjustable engine mounts but now do. Its aluminum swingarm has been stretched 14mm in length and its chain adjustment slots have been lengthened. Wheelbase elongates from 55.9 inches to 56.5 inches, making it less eager to pitch rearward – wheelies slow laptimes. The triple-clamp offset gains 2mm, while the front axle shifts 2mm rearward, combining to yield a trail figure of 105mm and steepening its rake angle 1.5 degrees to 25.0 degrees.

According to Aprilia, the latest RR scales in about 2 lbs lighter than the previous R at 195 kg wet (all fluids except fuel), which is 430 lbs in U.S. money. Add in about 29 lbs for 4.9 gallons of fuel for a curb weight of 459 lbs. It should be noted that the adjustable engine mounts and variable-length intakes added to the RR pack on some extra mass to that particular model. Weight added to both the RR and RF include a stronger starter motor and the longer swingarm. The limited-production RF also loses 2 lbs compared to its predecessor, now purportedly at 419 lbs, which would put it near 448 lbs full of fuel. The last RSV4 Factory we tested in 2013 scaled in at a class-trailing 464 lbs with its 4.9-gallon fuel tank full, so those figures might be optimistic.

One aspect of this launch was unprecedented: the test bikes were fitted with iPhones! Aprilia's V4 Multimedia Platform app connects the RSV4 to smartphones and, then, the motorcycle to the internet!

One aspect of this launch was unprecedented: the test bikes were fitted with iPhones! Aprilia’s V4 Multimedia Platform app connects the RSV4 to smartphones and, then, the motorcycle to the internet!

In its simplest form, Aprilia’s V4-MP is a datalogger, recording lap times, throttle positions, gears selected, speeds, etc, whether on a mount or in a pocket. It can also display uncommon parameters such as the amount of horsepower and torque being transmitted, rear-wheel slippage, lean angle and longitudinal and lateral g-forces. And there are also some incredible features that are nearly at the level of MotoGP tech.

Here is one of many screens that can be displayed on your smartphone from the V4-MP app. On the left is gear position, and a lap-time readout can be seen up top. Big deal. But the mind-blowing aspects can be seen on the right. Aprilia Traction Control is currently set to the fourth position, while Aprilia Wheelie Control is set to its second of three choices. It’s the “Next” category above that astonishes. Your phone uses its GPS function to know where you are on track, and you can set the app to change the RSV4’s TC and WC settings at various points around a racetrack! In the Next section here, perhaps the track has more grip and higher speeds, requiring less TC and WC.

Here is one of many screens that can be displayed on your smartphone from the V4-MP app. On the left is gear position, and a lap-time readout can be seen up top. Big deal. But the mind-blowing aspects can be seen on the right. Aprilia Traction Control is currently set to the fourth position, while Aprilia Wheelie Control is set to its second of three choices. It’s the “Next” category above that astonishes. Your phone uses its GPS function to know where you are on track, and you can set the app to change the RSV4’s TC and WC settings at various points around a racetrack! In the Next section here, perhaps the track has more grip and higher speeds, requiring less TC and WC.

The app can also aid your pursuit of quicker laptimes via the adaptive race assistant function. It compares a rider’s best lap with the pilot’s current lap and can provide riding tips in real time. So, it’ll tell you, for example, if you’ve braked later in previous laps or if you’ve opened the throttle earlier or bigger during other laps. I didn’t actually test this feature, as delayed flights kept me from the bike’s tech presentation and I didn’t know about it. I wonder if it might be a distraction and better used during analysis after your stint.

Aprilia previously offered the regular R and the premium Factory versions of the RSV4. For this latest generation, the Factory is dropped in favor of the RF we were in Italy to sample. The RF, like the Factory, upgrades to Öhlins suspension, forged wheels and its special paint.

Unlike the Factory, the RFs are limited in production to just 500 globally, with a X/500 number applied to the triple clamp. My fan club will want to keep an eye out for #20, upon which my butt sat for four invigorating sessions at Misano.

Unlike the Factory, the RFs are limited in production to just 500 globally, with a X/500 number applied to the triple clamp. My fan club will want to keep an eye out for #20, upon which my butt sat for four invigorating sessions at Misano.

The former RSV4 R gains an extra R, now the RR, and it makes do with Sachs/Marzocchi suspension and cast wheels. We’re told they won’t arrive in America until September, which, since these RSV4s are classified by Aprilia USA as 2016 models (but 2015s in Europe), seems almost well timed. The RF versions will arrive in June.

Nomenclature and apps were at the back of my mind as I sauntered up to the new RSV4. I was anxious to ride a new version of a bike I’ve enjoyed since its inception, but other than the iPhone clamped to this new version, it didn’t look or feel different from the cockpit – handlebars are said to be higher, but I didn’t realize this until I got home and read the press kit. The seat’s still a fairly lofty 33.6 inches high, and the unchanged instrumentation looks dated in a world of TFT panels. Still, this is surely one of the most visually stimulating sportbikes ever made. It looks chiseled but sleek, compact yet muscular. And the sounds!

Music and motorcycles have occupied the bulk of my life, and the RSV4’s tuneful exhaust note meshes music and motors in a truly mellifluous cacophony. It’s heaven and hell, sweet and seething, operatic and punk. If I were to choose an engine to sit in my living room to be fired up for a daily session of throttle blipping solely for my aural pleasure, you’d have a tough time convincing me it shouldn’t be this one. The V-4 would be a great engine even if it made only 100 horsepower.

041715-2016-Aprilia_RSV4_1435

That said, I was grateful that the V-4 jewel has 201 ponies claimed at its crank, which produces acceleration that made GP-hosting Misano seem almost small. Gears are gone through quickly, with Aprilia’s quickshifter snapping off no-lift gear changes in an instant. Soon, we’re well into triple-digit speeds and happy to have a little more fairing and windscreen to tuck behind.

The extra power from the engine makes the bike want to wheelie through the first three gears despite Aprilia’s lowering of the RSV4’s center of gravity. I set wheelie control to its least intrusive setting, #1, and AWC never let the front tire further from the ground than six or so inches – just keep the grip pinned and enjoy the feeling of eyeballs pressing into your frontal lobe. If I were really picky, I’d claim the new R1’s wheelie-control system more smoothly keeps the front end close to the road.

The RSV4 RF makes the job of a critic quite difficult. Our test bikes wore Pirelli Supercorsa SC2s instead of the Supercorsa SPs equipped as stock rubber.

The RSV4 RF makes the job of a critic quite difficult. Our test bikes wore Pirelli Supercorsa SC2s instead of the Supercorsa SPs equipped as stock rubber.

Engine revisions aren’t limited to just fresh components. New mapping parameters have been introduced to the three available modes: Sport, Track and Race (formerly Rain, Sport and Track). A reduction of throttle abruptness and engine braking at revs above 6000 rpm were goals of the new maps, and engineer Soatti says the Race setting has smoother throttle response than Track. I did one session in Track and judged it entirely passable, then I switched to Race and liked it even better, keeping it there for the rest of my sessions.

Aprilia’s traction-control system is of the few that can be adjusted while riding (via a thumb/forefinger toggle) and without requiring the throttle be closed. It seems to have had a software upgrade, or maybe it was just the new, grippy surface at Misano, as it was rare to see the TC indicator light flash when ATC was set to its lowest position.

Brembo takes responsibility for scrubbing off speed, here playing in concert with Bosch and its 9MP ABS system. The Brembo M430 front calipers are powerful without excessive initial bite. Leaving my brake markers later and later gave the binders a good workout, and they responded predictably and without fade – though not quite up to the stellar Brembo M50 clampers as fitted to Ducati’s Panigale and KTM’s Super Duke.

Apex strafing with APRC and ABS.

Apex strafing with APRC and ABS.

Bosch’s 9MP ABS unit weighs just 5 lbs, has three levels of intervention and can be disabled if desired. The #1 setting, designed for track use, is very difficult to intrude on even fast riders. The level 2 and 3 settings feature Rear Lift-up Mitigation, which prevents stoppies.

I had noticed the RSV4’s front end weaving during acceleration, which I initially believed was simply a product of 200 horses trying to get transferred to the ground. Then I realized the RSV4 has the benefit of an Öhlins steering damper. It was set to five positions out from max, so I added two clicks and immediately noticed a large uptick in stability during acceleration at the expense of some agility. It allowed the throttle to be held open more often and for longer.

As previous, the RSV4 inspires confidence, with its mass-centralized architecture benefiting steadiness, especially during corner entries. There didn’t seem to be a limit to how hard the front end could be pushed into a corner. Heading into Curvone, a kink following a straight section, I was able to drag my knee at 150-plus mph.

The RSV4 makes a rider want to go quicker and faster. Wind protection is improved, which pays benefits at the track and surely will on the street, too.

The RSV4 makes a rider want to go quicker and faster. Wind protection is improved, which pays benefits at the track and surely will on the street, too.

On a related but negative note was the propensity for the ‘Priller to slightly resist being leaned over while trailing the brakes into turns. Removing front brake lever pressure results in the RSV4 tipping over more acutely. It requires accommodation but falls well short of being debilitating.

Conclusion

The only thing stopping the RSV4 from taking top honors in the streetbike literbike wars is the fervent competition for bragging rights in this dazzling category. BMW’s updated S1000RR will surely run with the Aprilia, as will the oversized Ducati 1299. And then there’s Yamaha’s new R1, which may have taken the lead in terms of technical superiority in electronic rider aids.

Funny thing is, the R1 retails for $16,490, an $841 premium over the exotic RSV4 RR’s $15,649. The RSV4 RF has a price tag just $9 over that of the trick R1M. What’s left to find out is how sheer performance mixes with electronics and the strong personalities of each contender. Whatever the result of our upcoming shootouts, no one choosing a new RSV4 will ever consider their ride as dull or poorly engineered. It’s a thrill ride that’ll never get old.
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+ Highs

  • Magic motor more mega
  • A chassis as good as they get
  • Superbike pedigree
– Sighs

  • Atari gauges
  • Stands up under braking
  • Intense class competition
2016 Aprilia RSV4 RR Specifications [RSV4 RF data in brackets]
Engine 65° V-4, 4-stroke, liquid-cooled with dual overhead cams and four valves per cylinder
Bore and stroke 78 x 52.3mm
Engine capacity 999.6cc
Compression ratio 13.6:1
Maximum power at crankshaft 201 HP (148 kW) at 13,000 rpm
Maximum torque at crankshaft 115 Nm at 10,500 rpm
Fuel system Four Marelli 48mm throttle bodies with 8 injectors; variable-height intake ducts
Ignition Magneti Marelli digital electronic ignition system integrated in engine control system, with one spark plug per cylinder and stick-type coils
Lubrication Wet sump lubrication system with oil radiator and two oil pumps (lubrication and cooling)
Gearbox 6-speed cassette-type gearbox
Clutch Multi-disc oil-bath, with mechanical slipper system
Traction management aPRC System (Aprilia Performance Ride Control), which includes Traction Control (aTC), Wheelie Control (aWC), Launch Control (aLC)
Frame Aluminum dual-beam chassis with pressed and cast sheet elements.
Front suspension Sachs Fork with 43mm stanchions; [Öhlins Racing Fork with TIN surface treatment]. Adjustable spring preload and hydraulic compression and rebound damping; 120mm of travel.
Rear suspension Double-braced aluminum swingarm; mixed low thickness and sheet casting technology. Sachs monoshock adjustable in rebound and compression damping and spring preload; 130mm of travel [Öhlins Racing monoshock with piggy-back, fully adjustable
Front brakes Dual 320mm floating stainless steel disc with lightweight stainless steel rotor and aluminum flange with 6 pins. Brembo M430 monoblock radial callipers with 4 30mm opposing pistons. Sintered pads. Radial pump and metal braided brake hose
Rear brake 220mm diameter disc; Brembo caliper with two 32mm pistons. Sintered pads. Pump with integrated tank and metal braided hose.
ABS Bosch 9MP ABS, adjustable to 3 maps equipped with RLM (Rear wheel Lift-up Mitigation) – can be disabled.
Wheels Aluminum alloy with 3 split spokes, [forged aluminum alloy with 5 split spokes, completely machined]. 3.5”X17” front; 6”X17” rear
Tires Pirelli Supercorsa SP, 120/70 ZR 17 front; 200/55 ZR 17 rear
Dry weight without battery and fluids 180 kg* (397 lbs)
Wet weight without fuel 190 kg (419 lbs)
Fuel tank 4.88 gallons including 1 gallon reserve
MSRP $15,649 ($21,999)

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  • CLARITY

    It is good to see motorcycles such as the RSV4 evolve to to such high levels of performance without costing you a fortune or requiring aftermarket fixes.Competition has been good to motorcyclists ,now more than ever..

  • Steve Cole

    I can hardly wait to try one out. And it’s going to be very tough not to trade in my Factory. I don’t need the extra power but … it’s calling me… lol

  • TalonMech

    I would like Aprilia and KTM bikes alot more if they would stop putting the 1980’s looking cartoon racer boy graphics on all their bikes. I’m sure they are a hoot to ride, but I’d like a nice tasteful solid color paint scheme. Ducati has the right idea.
    Aprilia also has an abysmal dealership network, and trailering a bike 300 miles to the dealer for some warranty work is not my idea of fun.

    • Steve Cole

      It’s nothing that a few hours in a paint booth wouldn’t fix, if that’s the concern.

      • TalonMech

        True, but it wouldn’t solve the poor dealer network issue. I’d love to test ride one, but living in Albuquerque, the closest dealer to me is Denver or Phoenix. Both about 7 hours of freeway droning.

        • Steve Cole

          That’s a bit much. I have two within a morning’s return trip.

    • Tim Buzza

      Aprilia Australia are releasing a black version of the RR with the same specs as the RF, that would be my pick – although I must admit to having put a deposit on a s1000rr already due to ergonomics and comfort which is entriely personal. Although I just wish the S1000rr sounded like the Aprilia V4. That sound is reason enough to buy this bike.

  • JMDonald

    I never grow tired of bikes like this. Aprilia has done a good job with this one. A competitive class produces many great things. We are blessed.

  • Dan Wickersham

    The M50 caliper and the M430 are exactly the same, just different colors.

    • Kevin Duke

      That’s not what Brembo says.

      • Dan Wickersham

        Where is this information from Brembo? Every single part is exactly the same, measurements, everything, except color. Ducati wanted a “proprietary” caliper, so they painted it different and called it a different name.

        • Kevin Duke

          A Brembo rep was at the H2 launch. Didn’t get his name. If Ducati wanted a proprietary caliper, what are they doing on the H2 and Super Dukes?

  • KochiTour

    Really liked the detailed engine information.

  • John B.

    Great article Kevin. While automobiles have become increasingly banal and indistinguishable, motorcycle manufacturers are in a technological and performance renaissance. I can think of at least 10 new bikes I would love to ride, and this year’s bikes are vastly superior to those from just a couple years ago. Supercar performance and MotoGP technology for only 16 grand or so! Incredible!

  • ‘Mike Smith

    Poor dealer network, and I’ve never heard Aprilia as being known as “Jap reliable”,

    • ‘Mike Smith

      But I’d instantly propose to any girl who’s brave enough to own one!

    • Claudio

      I never know any non-Japanese bike as: “Jap reliable”

  • Killathas

    I liked all the details in this article. However noticed that he dodged comparisons to Kawasaki’s Superbike King in every comparison. Rea has won 75% of the superbike races this year, yet he draws comparisons to Yamaha (who isnt even represented) and BMW who isnt even in the top 5.

    • Kevin Duke

      You realize we test streetbikes, right? :)

      • Killathas

        Yes, I absolutely understand, and thought it was an outstanding article. I just thought it was interesting that you never drew a comparison to the Kawasaki. Even mentioning the WSBK championship wins, and being overshadowed by newer competition.

        im not too familiar with the exact differences of the WSBK entry and the factory street bike, being new to sport myself.

        • Kevin Duke

          The WSB rules in 2014 were less restrictive than the 2015 rules, but superbikes are still allowed new electronics, swingarms and brakes, plus the engines can have new camshafts with new timing and ported cylinders and aftermarket connecting rods and higher compression ratios, etc. Hope that helps!

  • VelocityFreq

    What dealer will honor that $15,649 msrp? How can I get that price on a new 2016 RSV4 RR?

  • john jay

    A 200 hp V4 ENGINE is a dream for any biker!