2015 Kawasaki Vulcan S ABS

Editor Score: 83.25%
Engine 17.0/20
Suspension/Handling 11.25/15
Transmission/Clutch 8.75/10
Brakes 8.00/10
Ergonomics/Comfort 8.50/10
Appearance/Quality 8.75/10
Desirability 8.50/10
Value 9.00/10
Overall Score83.25/100

If you asked most motorcyclists what defines a cruiser, you’d probably hear something like: a laid-back riding position with classic (or even retro) styling, powered by a V-Twin engine. Well, what if one of the major motorcycle OEMs learned through research that there is a whole swath of almost riders out there – let’s call them Intenders – who haven’t quite made the leap to buying a cruiser? Is the definition of a cruiser flexible enough to allow the exclusion of some of the main features traditional cruiser riders expect? Kawasaki has taken its extensive research with interested parties on the cusp of buying their first motorcycle and designed a motorcycle to fit their desires. The result is the 2015 Kawasaki Vulcan S ABS.

As large corporate entities typically do – be they product manufacturers or idea creators, such as a cable TV network – the leaders of big internal projects distill their goals down into their most concise form to give structure and focus to the process. According to Yoshifumi Mano, Kawasaki Heavy Industries lead engineer of the Vulcan S, the design goals were: fit, comfort, and confidence in riding. How Kawasaki approached these goals in developing the Vulcan S sets the bike apart from the previous cruisers designed to attract newer riders.

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Pitching a Fit

The boldest step Kawasaki took with the Vulcan S was they way in which the bike was designed to fit a wide variety of riders. While it’s not unusual for manufacturers to offer accessory seats and handlebars to address shorter riders, these typically need to be ordered and require some knowledge on the part of the buyer in choosing them. Kawasaki’s Ergo-Fit concept differs from the norm in two ways. First, all three corners of the rider triangle are addressed. Second – and perhaps more importantly – Kawasaki has created Ergo-Fit Centers at 700 dealerships where Intenders can sit on bikes in three different riding configurations to experience which dimensions fit best.


Traditionally, motorcycles have been designed to fit humans ranging from around 5-foot 7-in. to 6-feet. Given that the average male falls within that range, this approach seems to make sense. However, there are plenty of male riders whose height falls well outside of that span. Then there’s that other gender – you know the one offering, perhaps, the greatest growth potential in motorcycling – that has an average height skewing below the typical design parameters. Or what about those with long legs but a short torso? You get the picture. A significant number of people are not average sized, making their fit on a motorcycle a compromise, the size of which varies with their deviation from the “norm.”

Kawasaki Vulcan S saddle

This Mid Reach seat comes standard on the Vulcan S. The Reduced Reach seat moves the rider 2 in. forward while the Extended Reach moves the rider an inch rearward in addition to providing a slightly wider perch.

Although we’re not yet at the point where every component can be custom made to fit a rider’s unique dimensions, Ergo-Fit minimizes the compromise people have to make to fit the Vulcan S. Mano told me that, while Kawasaki has always considered the fit of a motorcycle for its target audience and has provided size options for riders as accessories in the past, this is the first time that providing a range of options was brought into the foreground as a major design and selling point. Kawasaki’s Ergo-Fit concept provides two handlebar options, three seats, and three peg locations to fine tune how the bike fits the rider, rather than making the rider adapt to the bike.

2015 Kawasaki Versys 650 ABS/LT First Ride Review

Furthermore, Kawasaki’s Ergo-Fit centers will have three bikes set up in the three extremes offered, standard (or mid) fit, reduced reach, and extended reach, giving the prospective rider a chance to sample the riding positions. The beauty of the center is that the bike can then be delivered already set up to the rider’s specifications. If the optional bar or one of the two non-standard seats are required, they’re installed in place of the standard parts at no additional charge. Absolutely brilliant.

Animated GIF of Vulcan Ergo-Fit Combinations

The difference in the Ergo-Fit extremes from Reduced to Mid to Expanded is quite profound when experienced in the saddle.

Of course the bugaboo is that, with 18 potential Ergo-Fit combinations, novices could get overwhelmed, or they simply could make a wrong choice based on the difference between a stationary bike and one in motion…for hours. For example, Kawasaki has the fits divided along three size ranges: Reduced Reach (<5-ft 6-in.), Mid-Reach (between 5-ft. 7-in. and 6-ft. 0-in. – also known as the standard shipping form), and Extended Reach (> 6-ft.). At 5-ft. 11-in., I’m near the top of the Mid-Reach, and sitting on the bike revealed a closer affinity for the stock set up. I even felt that the way the back of the seat’s bucket cupped my buttocks was just about perfect. However, out on the road, after about an hour in the saddle, I realized that what was comfortable at a stand-still wasn’t going to cut it over the long haul. The Kawasaki support crew fit an Extended-Reach seat while I was enjoying the sumptuous lunch. For the rest of the day, my tush was much happier. The customer who makes the same mistake would need to buy the $250 seat (although it could probably be negotiated down a bit if the other seat were exchanged with the dealer).

Kawasaki Explains Vulcan S Ergo-Fit Concept + Video

Still, this minor issue aside, the advent of Ergo-Fit should have a profound positive effect on Vulcan S sales, as they convert Intenders into riders, and may even ripple across the motorcycle industry as a whole. I could see this technology trickling up to other, pricier motorcycles.

Kawasaki Vulcan S Engine

The 649cc parallel-Twin provides good power in a package that allows for a 27.8 in. seat height.

360° V-Twin

Cruiser traditionalists may want to avert their eyes (or just move on to the next paragraph) because what comes next may be quite upsetting to you. Intenders don’t care about engine configuration. They are more interested in the character of the power the engine produces. The unifying desire was to have the engine be powerful enough to get away from traffic without drama, tying in to the confidence in riding. Other than that, they wanted the engine to be smooth – a comfort feature. These folks had clear desires from what they needed from a cruiser, not what some think it should be.

2015 Kawasaki Vulcan S muffler

While unusual in cruisers, under-engine mufflers have almost become the standard. Erik Buell should be proud.

Throwing open the engine configuration to something other than the ubiquitous V-Twin (which was considered) gave Mano and his team of designers the freedom to explore the other engines contained within the Kawasaki catalog – from a 300cc V-Twin (too small) to a 1000cc inline Four (too big) – that could provide the kind of power that the Intenders wanted from their first cruiser. In the end, the 649cc parallel-Twin that has powered the Ninja and Versys 650 was selected as the ideal package for the desired power and weight characteristics.

Middleweight Intermediate Sportbike Shootout – Featuring the Ninja 650

In the past, we’ve been quite fond of this engine configuration, saying just this past November that the Ninja 650 “had pleasurable grunt at the bottom end and midrange, something we appreciated on corner exits.” In December, Editorial Director Sean Alexander’s first ride of the 2015 Kawasaki Versys 650 ABS/LT enthused that the Versys 650 ABS and LT models “had moved into entirely new territory: parallel-Twins that actually feel smooth in the real world.” With ancestors like these, the Vulcan S had a great powerplant to build on. The flywheel mass was bumped up 28% for easier starts off the line – confidence building, check. Although altering cam profiles is often a means of boosting an engine’s low- and mid-range power (changes listed in the press materials in comparison to the Ninja 650), I was told that the S has the same lift and duration as the Versys. Additionally, the intake funnels, air intake, throttle bodies, and ECU were modified. For example, the intake ports are fluted when compared to the Ninja 650 – for the differing job descriptions of the bikes. One clever way that lower rpm power was enhanced was through the use of dual-walled headers. Externally, the headers look large and virile, but they use narrower internal piping to improve bottom-end grunt.

However, those 649cc don’t want to lollygag in the bottom end. This engine loves to rev out to its redline. After rolling through the slight vibration in the mid 4,000s range, the engine’s intake honk deepens and becomes an entertaining holler as it pulls towards the top end – then begins to fall off a bit before the 9,500 rev limit. During our photo sessions, various editors could be heard riding past the turn around point in order to have a chance to rip through the gears a few times without the rest of the herd in front of them. The slick-shifting six-speed transmission also added to the fun factor.

2015 Kawasaki Vulcan S headlight

The riding position, which sits the pilot down in the cockpit, combines with this shapely headlight nacelle to minimize the wind blast all the way up to extremely un-cruiserish speeds. New riders will like how the breeze won’t excessively tire them as they rack up the miles.

The EFI performs flawlessly in most circumstances. The dual 38mm Keihin throttle bodies and their sub-throttle butterfly valves deliver crisp response at most speeds – both on and off the gas. However, one niggling issue reared its head in around-town riding at low engine speeds. While trying to maintain neutral throttle, the transition to off-throttle could be quite abrupt, akin to a stumble. Coming back on the gas could also be abrupt at these low speeds. This issue is odd for a bike built with the stated goal of giving new riders confidence out on the road as they build their experience level. Although I didn’t feel any excessive throttle cable lash, a Kawasaki representative said he thought this could be the issue and would check it out. Unfortunately, this conversation took place after the riding for the day was over, making it impossible to verify the cause.

Framing the Issue

Engine design affects areas other than just the Vulcan S’ motivation; it also determines ground clearance. With the engine hung from the frame rather than cradled in it, space is freed up to allow the exhaust system to be located completely under the bike. No slash cut duallies on this cruiser. Now, both the rider’s reach to the ground is narrower, as are the peg locations. In a feet-forward riding position, narrower pegs result in better cornering clearance. While riders won’t forget that they are on a cruiser (and will still need to place their heels on the pegs for maximum clearance), the pegs touch down cleanly and nothing else does – even when ridden extremely hard.

2015 Kawasaki Vulcan S foot peg

If you look closely where the peg mounting bracket attaches to the frame, you can see the hole for moving the assembly rearward.

The steel perimeter frame is also responsible for the Vulcan S’ backroad manners. Where some cruisers that are less torsionally stiff respond with a slight delay to a snap steering input, with a short pause before the chassis follows the front wheel, the sprightly 650 changes directions quickly and doesn’t protest under mid-corner corrections. Neither does it wobble in high-speed sweepers like many cruisers. If Intenders are looking for a motorcycle that does what they want when they want it to do it, as the Kawasaki reps stated in our briefing, the bike’s handling illustrates Kawasaki’s design efforts. With a 31° rake and 7.1 in. trail, the Vulcan has the stance and stability that cruiser riders love, yet remains maneuverable.

Turning isn’t the only area of handling responsiveness the Vulcan S will be judged on. The 41mm telescopic fork has 5.1 in. of travel and worked well in every situation thrown at it – even getting slightly airborne over a railroad crossing. (Sorry, Kawasaki. After five photo passes, I just couldn’t restrain myself.) The solo shock, which people who only follow cruisers might be tempted to say looks like the Indian Scout, follows the lines of the frame back to the swingarm in a similar fashion to the Ninja 650 and Versys 650. Rather than being connected directly to the swingarm, as with those other models, the Vulcan’s shock utilizes a back-link to provide the shock with a longer stroke than a direct link would allow.

2015 Kawasaki Vulcan S shock

The shock does a good job of handling most bumps over the rear wheel’s 3.15 in. of travel. Easy access to the ramped preload adjuster is a plus.

This is a good thing since the Vulcan S only has 3.15 in. of travel in which to absorb the slings and arrows of outrageous pavement. For the most part, the Kayaba shock performs its duties admirably. On the highway, the suspension is supple enough to make the ride comfortable at elevated speeds, and with the quick steering we’ve already discussed, the S also benefits from great backroad manners. However, in the urban jungle, where pavement is often broken, the shock can only do so much in its efforts to manage those forces – despite the fact that it has a longer stroke than the Harley 883 (2 in.) and the Star Bolt (2.8 in.), but shorter than the Harley Street 750 (3.5 in.). The end result is a jarring ride over broken pavement.

All Style is Personal

When looking at a Vulcan S, no one would ever say that it, unlike many cruisers, harkens back to a different time. This is a thoroughly modern motorcycle. I take it as a sign of the strength of the cruiser market (which is second only to the touring class in recent Kawasaki sales) that Mano and his design engineers not only stepped away from the V-Twin hegemony, but also didn’t feel it was necessary to mimic the motorcycles of the distant past. Yes, the lines swoop from the 18 in. front wheel to the 17 in. rear in true cruiser fashion, but the bike’s modernness is emphasized throughout by details like the brushed metal radiator cover and the textured tubular frame which leads the eye back to the D-section steel swingarm. Similarly, the front wheel’s ABS pickup is a silver circle within the silver circle of the single 300mm disc’s swept area contained by a black five-spoke cast wheel – all of which is framed by a Kawasaki Green pinstripe. The effect is striking and couldn’t be further from retro.

2015 Kawasaki Vulcan S

This ain’t yer Daddy’s retro cruiser!

Although I initially surmised that the styling was a deliberate nod towards the younger urban cruiser segment, Mano said that the model research had found that Intenders of all ages had gravitated towards the American-style cruiser lines but not necessarily towards vintage styling.

“The traditional type of cruiser was one of the options we considered for our new model. However, there’s a lot in the market already. What’s the point in Kawasaki joining that?” said Mano, “Rather, we want to be very focused on the Kawasakiness. So, we are going to make a new motorbike that is long and low which can be categorized as a cruiser type, but we want to stand out from the crowd…and communicate to the customer that it’s a Kawasaki.”

Still, Kawasaki’s press materials, emphasizing the engine’s Ninja roots (while completely ignoring its use in the new Versys) and displaying images filled exclusively with young people in mostly urban settings, betray a focus on luring the younger, hipper market to our sport. However, I guess my 52 year-old affection for the new Vulcan’s clothes confirms that the styling ain’t just for the kids.

2015 Kawasaki Vulcan S front disc

The two-piston calipers deliver good stopping power from the 300mm front brake. ABS is a $400 option which is well spent, lessening the consequences of overusing the brakes while learning proper technique.

Saddle Up!

As we’ve stated before about attracting new riders to motorcycles, the first impression – that moment when the Intender throws her leg over the bike and lifts it off its side stand – colors the entire experience. Here, the Vulcan shines. Carrying its weight low and forward, thanks in part to the space behind the engine freed up by the parallel-Twin’s cylinder location, the S feels light and well balanced. Riding around at parking lot speeds only cements this impression. Aside from the Ergo-Fit, both levers offer five position adjustment, again accommodating a variety of sizes.

2015 Kawasaki Vulcan SAnother way to attract Intenders is to give the Vulcan S a low MSRP. The standard model checks in at $6,999 while the ABS version, which new riders owe it to themselves and their loved ones to buy, costs only $400 more at $7,399. Both models are available in Flat Black, Candy Lime Green, and Pearl Crystal White sometime in February 2015. While the Vulcan S is sold with a solo saddle, a pillion can be ordered for $125, but the footpeg kit adds another $240 to the price. Only the rider can decide if having another human wrap their arms around them while riding is worth the price. Expect to see Vulcan S riders cropping up in the coming months.

+ Highs

  • Revvy parallel-Twin
  • Modern styling
  • ABS option
– Sighs

  • Short rear suspension travel
  • Abrupt low-speed throttle transitions
  • ABS is an extra-cost option
2015 Kawasaki Vulcan S ABS Specifications
MSRP $7,399, $6,999 (non-ABS)
Engine Type 649cc, four-stroke, liquid-cooled, DOHC, four valves per cylinder, parallel-Twin
Bore and Stroke 83.0 x 60.0 mm
Fuel System DFI® with two 38mm throttle bodies and sub-throttles
Ignition TCBI with Digital Advance
Transmission Six-speed with positive neutral finder
Final Drive Chain
Front Suspension 41mm telescopic fork, 5.1 inches of travel
Rear Suspension Lay-down offset rear shock with linkage and adjustable preload, 3.2 inches of travel
Front Brake Single 300mm disc with twin-piston caliper, ABS
Rear Brake Single 250mm disc with single-piston caliper, ABS
Front Tire 120/70 18
Rear Tire 160/60 17
Wheelbase 62.0 inches
Seat Height 27.8 inches
Claimed Curb Weight 498.3 lb.
Fuel Capacity 3.7 gal.
Available Colors Candy Lime Green, Pearl Crystal White, Flat Ebony
Warranty 12 Month Limited Warranty

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Kawasaki Communities

  • Old MOron

    Nice review, Evans. If this bike is going after the younger urban crowd, it will compete with Ducati’s Scrambler, will it not? Very interesting. Will this market prefer apples or oranges?
    Anyway, I give Kawi credit for trying something different, though it’s not the first time they’ve put a parallel twin into a cruiser. This looks like a cool update to the Vulcan 500.

  • I hope to see these do really well, if not simply to push the cruiser genre forward some. When I initially saw pictures of this bike, it didn’t strike me as all that hot, but having seen it in person at a show has changed my mind. It looks like a lot of fun and I would love it if it really could encourage a few more people into motorcycling. I’m looking forward to test riding one myself.

    • Tim Sawatzky

      Agreed, when I saw it at the motorcycle show I thought it looked a lot better than the pictures I had seen. I like the customized fit options and even the modern look but in a cruiser style. They even had one there that had bags and a windscreen all decked out for touring that was very nice. I wouldn’t buy one myself, but I think it would be a great entry bike. My wife has a Ninja 650 and the motor is very nice, but it sounds terrible. So hopefully Kawi has made this engine sound better.

      • Evans Brasfield

        I liked the intake honk, but if it’s an exhaust note you’re after, you won’t be happy.

        • Tim Sawatzky

          I should clarify, above 6000RPM it sounds good, but the Ninja 650 at idle sounds like a lawn mower.

          • yea mine sounds like a polaris sportsman. never had a bike with a muffler that quiet.

    • Allison Sullivan

      I sat on this at the local show too, and while I’m not a cruiser rider at all, I was quite impressed. I have a shorter girlfriend looking for a bike, and one of these would do the job nicely. Easy to ride, enough power to keep you amused, and not even bad looking. I think they’ll sell pretty well.

    • Bebo

      Agreed. Finally a manufacturer is pushing the envelope of cruisers. The lack of variation in the cruiser market is why I have held on to a 99 Honda Magna all these years. This is the first cruiser in years that I have found actually appealing.

  • Bmwclay

    Getting older so I want to thin out the herd (K1200S, 1150GS, R100S) to just one bike. Really wanted the new Scout, until I rode one. Way wrong dimensions for me. This might be a better all-around bike. Way better than the Sportster and 750 Street. Haven’t seen the new Bolt C yet though.

  • Rob Alexander

    Nice… looks like it’s the spiritual successor to Kawi’s last Ninja powered cruiser, the Vulcan 500.

    • Colonel Matumbo

      My same thought.

  • Kenneth

    Being able to order a fully-altered fitting triangle for a new bike at the time of purchase is an important innovation that should become more widespread. It has always seemed odd to me that this hasn’t been offered for motorcycles, considering that every bicycle, no matter how cheap, offers greatly-variable ergonomics. Of course, I wouldn’t expect a choice of frame sizes, but – at the least – an easily varied seat height, pegs, and handlebar reach for every model (it’s one advantage Harley has effectively monopolized for too long).

  • Martin Buck

    I appreciate the 28% higher flywheel weight, for launches off the line and torque continuity on hills, but where is the purple color, which looks so amazing in Europe and Asia? This is definitely a bike more for riding than polishing and admiring, like maybe those H-Ds. I would be interested (57 years ancient). A great design.

  • panthalassa

    if you want to make it look even better, and seem like an even better value, park it next to a ctx700-abs.

  • 2 problems here,no belt drive and it ain’t called a 650 eliminator!

  • ET Scooter

    Very nice motor, I am Victor, we have a another recommendation.

  • Reid

    I would rather have this than any other cruiser currently on sale today. The fact that it’s cheaper than most is just another positive factor. Now, if a hypothetical Sport Scout had 100+ hp like its engine is easily capable of producing, THAT could be the one I’d rather have. Then again, if Kawasaki stuffs the Z1000’s mill in this Vulcan S…

  • SteveSweetz

    As a rider who typically wants nothing to do with cruisers, I think this bike looks great – but one thing bugs me: I think the cosmetic treatment on the engine block to make it look like half an air-cooled V-twin is cheesy.

    The bike is otherwise making nice breaks with traditional cruiser styling, why pretend it has a cruiser engine?

    I hope it does well. Honda tried doing the same thing with the CTX700N and anecdotally, I don’t think that bike has been doing very well. The Kawi easily beats the Honda in looks department though.

  • artist_formally_known_as_cWj

    and when they went to sleep, they had visions of chain drive Hyosung GV650s dancing in their heads…

    Between the FJ-09 and this here S, it seems we are finally catching up to cage standards in the others important areas.

    and it only took halfway through the second decade of the 21st century.

  • Goose

    Wow, “ergo fit” was a brilliant new idea, several years ago when Harley introduced it as “Fit Shop”. This is a dead rip off of what Harley did, frame of a bike in the dealership with changeable bars, seats and foot pegs so the customer can try different positions for feet, hands and butt. By the way, the Harley version is for every bike in their line, not just one model.

    Oh well, I agree it should be called the Eliminator but the Vulcan S seems like a nice bike. Even better, it is clearly an American style cruiser but doesn’t look like a Harley, good job by Kawasaki’s styling department.

    • Paul Wiklund

      I would think calling it a rip off is a bit overstating it. The concept of custom ergonomics is not exactly patentable, and thus cannot be ripped off. Many (read: all) manufacturers offer accessories in terms of pegs, seats, and bars. Kawasaki is just playing catch up. Did Harley do it first? Sure. But Kawasaki is the first to have a bike do it that doesn’t leak in the parking lot, and is accessible to new riders both in terms of marketing and sales.

      • Goose

        You’re right, it isn’t a rip off, it is just a good idea somebody else had first. Maybe someday every motorcycle company will have a similar system.

        I just get frustrated with every MC news source acting like Kawasaki invented cold fusion when all they did was copy a good idea. I bought my Roadglide eight and a half years ago, even in 2006 Harley offered me extended reach seats, reduced reach seats, closer and farther reach ‘bars, different foot positions and lots of other things. All I needed was a different air cleaner so my right knee didn’t touch the (vibrating) “Ham Can” but I still thought they were good ideas. I wonder why it took so long for someone to copy.

        • Bebo

          Actually, it is a slightly different approach than Harley I believe. I looked at one yesterday in the store and the salesman told me they don’t interchange parts. The handlebars, foot controls, and seat are adjustable ON the bike. Only in the case of seat padding like the review, do they change out elements. So for the most part, the bike is actually adjustable for the next rider as well. That is probably an innovation.

          • Bebo

            The salesman was partially correct. Upon reading more from Kawi some parts are swapped out. Some are just adjusted.

  • jon

    Maybe they should have called it the 650 Eliminator. But, Eliminator or Vulcan S, I think Kawasaki may have a winner here. I started riding in the mid 1960’s, and this bike grabbed me. So did the new Indian Scout. But, for the price difference, and the fact that there ate no Indian dealers anywhere near me. Well, there is one in Honolulu, but I live on the big island near Hilo. There IS a Kawasaki dealer in Kona, about 125 miles away. I only ride solo any more, and we have no freeways here. 55 mph is the top legal speed on the main highways, a speed this bike could do all day with a solo rider.

  • Jeff LaLone

    Hmm, I wonder what my local Kawasaki dealer will give me on trade-in for my ’07 SV650S?

  • jon

    The more I read about this bike, the more I like it. Kawasaki was samrt, and responsive to their customers in making this bike so adjustable, at no extra cost, for the rider.

  • Chain drive. don’t think so in 2015. next.

    • Bebo

      Yeah. Maximum horsepower transfer without shaft jacking. Don’t want any of that.

      • Yeah, My Harley Davidson with belt drive has a lot of shaft jacking at max hp. Don’t want any of that, rofl.

        • Bebo

          Uhm… Shaft jacking comes from shaft drive bikes. That would not be applicable with a belt drive. You should read up on that.

          Belt drive is not bad but if you have the two belt setup there is power loss any time you add multiple transfer mechanisms. Also chain drive is generally more cost effective and since this Kawi is a smaller displacement entry level bike keeping the cost down and max power is a good idea.

          • I’ve been riding and racing cycles for over 45 years and currently own 3. You might want to read up on what sarcasm is btw. To say a chain driver is better than a belt drive is highly debatable and I have years of experience with both types. Chains are cheaper- you are right. If I wanted a cheap bike, I’d buy a Hero, rofl. I’m sure you would want one too- right? Winning.

          • Bebo

            3 bikes and 45 years of “experience” don’t really matter if you’re going to say belt drive has no shaft jacking…

            You have just reinforced the stereotype of those riders of a particular brand. I’m going riding rather than talking to comment trolls.

  • Jim Kelly

    I bought a vulcan s ebony color after having a short time the paint on the gas tank chipped a one inch circle and I looked at the paint on the gas tank closely and noticed small holes in paint where you can see to the primer

  • MrAkafful

    Nice bike, I love what Kawasaki did with the adjustable seating. This is also one of my favorite cruisers in appearance. I would like to buy one of those.