It’s easy to look towards the past when it comes to historically significant Singles, as the modern racing landscape has been dominated by multi-cylinder motorcycles for 50-odd years. However, cutting-edge single-cylinder racing is alive and well and it’s happening right now. It’s called Moto3, and while there are three manufacturers currently competing in the 2016 Moto3 championship – KTM, Honda, and Mahindra (well, four, but the Peugeot entry is just a rebadged Mahindra) – the top spot on this list goes to both the Austrian and Japanese manufacturers.

As of this writing, both the Honda NSF250RW and KTM RC250GP have four wins apiece this season, with Indian firm Mahindra capturing the other two; one at Assen with Francesco Bagnaia, the other at Brno with John McPhee riding the Peugeot. As the photo above illustrates, the Honda and KTM have been very evenly matched this year. The manufacturers are understandably hush-hush when it comes to specifics about current racing machines, but we do know all Moto3 bikes are limited to 250cc with dual overhead cams, four valves, a maximum bore of 81mm, and a rev ceiling of 14,000 rpm. KTM houses its Single in its tried-and-true steel trellis frame, while Honda uses an aluminum twin spar. Weight savings comes in the form of magnesium wheels and triple clamps, though bike and rider combined must meet a minimum weight of 326 lbs.

It’s estimated the top Moto3 machines make somewhere in the ballpark of 55 hp – from its 250cc Single – which equals or betters the Singles from half a century ago with twice the displacement. And thanks to their modern engines, transmissions, brakes, tires, suspension, and chassis, today’s Moto3 riders could easily outpace the great Giacomo Agostini, the 500cc champ from 50 years ago, 1966, aboard his booming MV Agusta.